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Translations of
English fury
Sanskrit krodha
Tibetan ཁྲོ་བ་
(Wylie: khro ba;
THL: khroba

Krodha (Sanskrit; Tibetan Wylie: khro ba) is a Buddhist term that is translated as "fury", "rage", or "indignation". Within the Mahayana Abhidharma tradition, krodha is identified as one of the twenty subsidiary unwholesome mental factors.


Within the Mahayana abhidharma, krodha is defined as an increase of anger (Sanskrit: pratigha) that causes one to prepare to harm others.[1][2]

According to Herbert Guenther, the difference between anger (pratigha) and fury (krodha) is that anger is a vindictive or hostile attitude in one's mind, but fury is an increase in anger when the chance for harming is at hand and is it very agitated state of mind leading to actual physical harm.[1]

Alexander Berzin states:

Hatred (khro-ba) is a part of hostility (dvesha) and is the harsh intention to cause harm.[3]

Note that according to Berzin, dvesha is a sub-category of anger (pratigha).

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Guenther (1975), Kindle Locations 862-871.
  2. Kunsang (2004), p. 27.
  3. Berzin


External links

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