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The Ananda Stupa at Vaishali, the capital of the Licchavi Republic.

Licchavi were a clan in northern India who had their capital at the city of Vaishali during the lifetime of Gautama Buddha.[1] The period of Licchavi rule around the city of Vaishila is known as the Licchavi Republic.[2]

The Licchavi are mentioned in a number of discourses in the Pali canon, such as the Licchavi Sutta[3] and the Mahālisutta,[4] as well as a commentary on the Ratana Sutta.[5]

In the Mahayana Vimalakirti Sutra, the bodhisattva Vimalakirti was a Licchavi from Vaishali.[6]

Coinage king Amshuverma (605-621 CE), from Licchavi kingdom of Nepal.

A branch of the Licchavi clan conquered the Kathmandu Valley (in modern-day Nepal) and ruled over area from approximately 400 to 750 CE.[7][8][9] The period of Licchavi rule is referred to as the Licchavi Kingdom of Nepal.

In approximately 632, Princess Bhrikuti of the Licchavi kingdom of Nepal married King Songtsen Gampo of Tibet.

Further reading