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Loka (T. 'jig rten; C. shijie/shijian) generally refers to the external or physical world. The term is used in many senses, such as:

  • the external world
  • the physical world
  • world system
  • mundane (i.e. ordinary or unenlightened) existence
  • society

Loka is the topic of the third chapter of the Abhidharmakośa.

See also:

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