Mahasthamaprapta

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Mahāsthāmaprāpta
Mahasthamaprapta.jpg
Sanskrit

महास्थामप्राप्त


Mahāsthāmaprāpta
Chinese

(Traditional)
大勢至菩薩 or 得大勢菩薩


(Simplified)
大势至菩萨 or 得大势菩萨
(Pinyin: Dàshìzhì Púsa or Dédàshì Púsà)
Japanese 大勢至菩薩だいせいしぼさつ
(romaji: Daiseishi Bosatsu)
Khmer មហាស្ថាមប្រាប្ត
(mo-haa-sthaam-praap)
Korean

대세지 보살


(RR: Daeseji Bosal)
Thai พระมหาสถามปราปต์โพธิสัตว์
Tibetan མཐུ་ཆེན་ཐོབ
Wylie: mthu chen thob
THL: Tuchen tob
Vietnamese Đại Thế Chí Bồ tát
Information
Venerated by

Mahāyāna, Vajrayāna

Attributes Wisdom, Power
Dharma Wheel.svg Buddhism portal

Mahāsthāmaprāpta is a bodhisattva that represents the power of wisdom, often depicted in a trinity with Amitābha and Avalokiteśvara (Guanyin), especially in Pure Land Buddhism. His name literally means "arrival of the great strength".

He is also one of the Japanese Thirteen Buddhas in Shingon Buddhism. In Tibetan Buddhism, Mahāsthāmaprāpta is equated with Vajrapani, who is one of his incarnations and was known as the Protector of Gautama Buddha. [not verified]

Mahāsthāmaprāpta is one of the oldest bodhisattvas and is regarded as powerful, especially in the Pure Land school, where he takes an important role in the Longer Sukhāvatīvyūha Sūtra.

In the Śūraṅgama Sūtra, Mahāsthāmaprāpta tells of how he gained enlightenment through the practice of nianfo, or continuous pure mindfulness of Amitābha, to obtain samādhi. In the Amitayurdhyana Sutra, Mahāsthāmaprāpta is symbolized by the moon while Avalokiteśvara is represented by the sun.[1]

China

Yìnguāng (Chinese: 印光), a teacher of Pure Land Buddhism, was widely considered to be a manifestation of Mahāsthāmaprāpta based on the accounts of two people:
1. Huìchāo (Chinese: 慧超), a former Christian who had never heard of him before
2. Běnkōng (Chinese: 本空), a Buddhist monk and former student
Both of these figures had independent dreams regarding the situation.[2][3][4]

Japan

In Japan, Mahāsthāmaprāpta (Japanese: 勢至 Seishi) is associated with the temple guardians Kongō Rikishi.[5]

He is recognized as one of the Thirteen Buddhas.

Mantra

(Sanskrit):
Namaḥ samantabuddhānāṃ, jaṃ jaṃ saḥ svāhā
(Homage to all Buddhas! Jaṃ jaṃ saḥ! svāhā)[6]

(Japanese):
(Shingon) on san zan saku sowaka (オン・サン・ザン・サク・ソワカ)
(Tendai) on sanzen zensaku sowaka (オン・サンゼン・ゼンサク・ソワカ)

References


Bibliography

  • Getty, Alice (1914). The gods of northern Buddhism, their history, iconography, and progressive evolution through the northern Buddhist countries, Oxford: The Clarendon press, p.100.
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