Manas (T. yid; C. yi; J. i; K. ui) is translated as "mind," "mental process," "mental functioning," "thinking process," "thought," etc. It is generally a synonym for related terms such as citta and vijnana.
- ...mind is designated as citta because it “builds up” (cinoti) virtuous and nonvirtuous states; as manas, because it calculates and examines; and as vijñāna, because it discriminates among sensory stimuli.
Manas is used in the following contexts:
- mano-vijñana - the mind consciousness with in the six consciousnesses
- manendriya - the mind faculty within the six sense faculties
- manasikara - mental engagement
- kliṣṭamanas - defiled mental consciousness (within the Yogacara tradition)
- manas-vijnana - an alternate name for kliṣṭamanas
Distinction between manas, citta, and vijnana
- Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University