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Manas (T. yid; C. yi; J. i; K. ui) is translated as "mind," "mental process," "mental functioning," "thinking process," "thought," etc. It is generally a synonym for related terms such as citta and vijnana.[1]

Buswell states:

...mind is designated as citta because it “builds up” (cinoti) virtuous and nonvirtuous states; as manas, because it calculates and examines; and as vijñāna, because it discriminates among sensory stimuli.[2]

Manas is used in the following contexts:

Distinction between manas, citta, and vijnana



  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. manas.
  2. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. citta.


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