From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to: navigation, search
Translations of
English stinginess,
Pali macchariya
Sanskrit matsarya, mātsarya
Tibetan སེར་སྣ།
(Wylie: ser sna;
THL: serna

Matsarya (Sanskrit; Pali: macchariya; Tibetan phonetic: serna) is a Buddhist term translated as "stinginess" or "miserliness". It is defined as being incapable of enjoying one’s own possessions and other material objects, clinging to them and being unwilling to part with them or share them with others.[1][2] It is identified as:



The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:

What is matsarya? It is an over-concern with the material things in life stemming from over-attachment to wealth and honor, and it belongs to passion-lust. Avarice functions as the basis for not letting up in one's concern for the material things of life. [1]

Alexander Berzin explains:

Miserliness (ser-sna) is a part of longing desire (Sanskrit: raga) and is an attachment to material gain or respect and, not wanting to give up any possessions, clings to them and does not want to share them with others or use them ourselves. Thus, miserliness is more than the English word stinginess. Stinginess is merely unwillingness to share or to use something we possess. It lacks the aspect of hoarding that miserliness possesses.[3]


The Atthasālinī (II, Book I, Part IX, Chapter II, 257) gives the following definition of avarice (meanness):

It has, as characteristic, the concealing of one's property, either attained or about to be attained; the not enduring the sharing of one's property in common with others, as function; the shrinking from such sharing or niggardliness or sour feeling as manifestation; one's own property as proximate cause; and it should be regarded as mental ugliness.[4]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Guenther (1975), Kindle Locations 893-894.
  2. Kunsang (2004), p. 25.
  3. Berzin (2006)
  4. Gorkom (2010), Definition of macchariya


External links

This article includes content from Matsarya on Wikipedia (view authors). License under CC BY-SA 3.0. Wikipedia logo