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Mithyādṛṣṭi (P. micchādiṭṭhi; T. log par lta ba ལོག་པར་ལྟ་བ་; C. ejian/xiejian) is translated as "wrong view," "mistaken view," "perverse view," etc.[1]

It is identified as one of the five types of wrong view.

Sanskrit tradition

The Khenjuk states:

Perverted belief means regarding an existing fact as being nonexistent: for instance, to disregard the cause and effect of actions. Its function is to cut the virtuous roots.[2]

The Foundation of Buddhist Practice states:

Wrong views (mithyādṛṣṭi) is an afflictive intelligence that denies the existence of something that does in fact exist — for example, karma and its effects, past and future lives, and the Three Jewels — or that believes a divine creator or primal substance to be the cause of sentient beings. It functions to prevent us from engaging in virtue and to lead us to create non-virtue.[3]

Science and Philosophy in the Indian Buddhist Classics (Vol. 2) states:

Wrong view is an afflictive intelligence that, upon considering something that exists — such as karmic cause and effect, action and agent, and so on — views it to be nonexistent. It functions to make one behave perversely regarding what to take up or cast aside, such as avoiding virtue and severing the roots of virtue as well as engaging in nonvirtue and welcoming evil intention. The Compendium of Knowledge says: “What is wrong view? To denigrate the functioning of causes, effects, and agents and to deny things that actually exist is an acquiescence and so on that conceives distortedly."[4]

The Necklace of Clear Understanding states:

It is an emotionally tainted appreciation which sees the relationship of cause and effect of ones action and (the relationship) of earlier and later life as non-existent. Regarding this, the lam-rim states,
A perverted opinion is an emotionally toned appreciation which denies causation as to it former and later life, the relationship between ones action and its effect, and holds that Śiva or prakrti are the causes of sentient beings.[5]


  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. mithyādṛṣṭi.
  2. Mipham Rinpoche 2004, s.v. Formations.
  3. Dalai Lama & Thubten Chodron 2018, s.v. Chapter 3.
  4. Thupten Jinpa 2020, s.v. The Six Root Mental Afflictions.
  5. Yeshe Gyeltsen 1975, s.v. Opinionatedness [lta ba].


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