Necklace of Clear Understanding
The Necklace of Clear Understanding, An Elucidation of Mind and Mental Factors (Tib. སེམས་དང་སེམས་བྱུང་གི་ཚུལ་གསལ་པར་སྟོན་པ་བློ་གསལ་མགུལ་རྒྱན་, Wyl. sems dang sems-byung gi tshul gsal-par ston-pa blo gsal mgul rgyan) — is a commentary on the Abhidharma topic of the mind and mental factors, composed by Yongdzin Yeshe Gyeltsen (1713-1793), a scholar within the Gelugpa school of Tibetan Buddhism.
This Tibetan text has been translated into English by Herbert Guenther & Leslie S. Kawamura, in a text entitled Mind in Buddhist Psychology.
According to the translators Herbert Guenther and Leslie Kawamura:
- The Necklace of Clear Understanding: An Elucidation of the Working of Mind and Mental Events by Ye-shes rgyal mtshan (1713-1793) is an auto-commentarv on his own verse text; which explains the mind and its fifty-one mental events in 177 four-lined stanzas.
Guenther and Kawamura state:
- He builds his presentation around Asanga's Abhidharma-samuccaya (51 mental events as against the Abhidharma-kosha's 46 mental events) and Tsong-kha-pa's lam-rim chen-mo. In his own words,
- I, Ye-shes rgyal mtshan ... composed this work ... by making the Abhidharma-samuccaya the basis and by embellishing it with statements from Tsong-kha-pa and his disciples....
Artemis Engle describes the text as follows:
- I soon also became acquainted with a native Tibetan work...written by Tsechok Ling Yongzin Yeshe Gyeltsen (1713–1793), an important Gelukpa scholar who served as tutor to the eighth Dalai Lama. Entitled A Necklace for Those of Clear Mind: An Elucidation of Mind and Mental Factors, this work is distinguished by the way that it relates the descriptions of mind and mental factors to the instructions of the teaching system known as Lamrim, or Stages of the Path, which is revered for its effectiveness in enabling practitioners of all levels to develop the spiritual attitudes that lie at the heart of the Buddhist Mahāyāna tradition.
- Guenther, Herbert V. & Leslie S. Kawamura (1975), Mind in Buddhist Psychology: A Translation of Ye-shes rgyal-mtshan's "The Necklace of Clear Understanding". Dharma Publishing.
- Toh Sze Gee (translator), A Necklace for Those of Clear Awareness: Clearly Revealing the Modes of Minds and Mental Factors, by Ye-she Gyel-tsen, Toh Sze Gee & FPMT Inc., 2006
- Guenther, Mind in Buddhist Psychology, Preface
- Engle (2009), p. xi
- Engle, Artemus B., The Inner Science of Buddhist Practice: Vasubhandu's Summary of the Five Heaps with Commentary by Sthiramati, Ithaca: Snow Lion, 2009
- Guenther, Herbert V. & Leslie S. Kawamura (1975), Mind in Buddhist Psychology: A Translation of Ye-shes rgyal-mtshan's "The Necklace of Clear Understanding". Dharma Publishing. Kindle Edition.
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