Nepali is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari. It is the official language of Nepal.
Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Indo-Aryan languages, most notably the other Pahari languages and Maithili, and shows Sanskrit influence. However, owing to Nepal's location, it has also been influenced by Tibeto-Burman languages.
Nepali is mainly differentiated from Central Pahari, both in grammar and vocabulary, by Tibeto-Burman idioms owing to close contact with this language group.
Historically, the language was called Khas (Khas kurā) and Gorkhali (language of the Gorkha Kingdom) before the term Nepali was adopted. The origin of modern Nepali language is believed to be from Sinja of Jumla. Therefore, the Nepali dialect “Khas Bhasa” is still spoken among the people of the region.
In India, Nepali is listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution as an Indian language with official status in the state of Sikkim north east states including Assam, Burma, Nepali diaspora worldwide and in West Bengal's Darjeeling district.
- "Official Nepali language in Sikkim & Darjeeling" (PDF). CensusIndia.gov.in.
- Hodgson, Brian Houghton (2013). Essays on the Languages, Literature, and Religion of Nepál and Tibet (Reprint ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 2. ISBN 9781108056083. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- Richard Burghart 1984, pp. 118-119.
- The origin of Nepali language is Sinja of Jumla. Therefore, the Nepali dialect “Khas Bhasa” is still spoken among the people in this region., retrieved Feb 25, 2018
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