Non-concurrent formations (Skt. viprayukta saṃskāra; Tib. ལྡན་མིན་འདུ་བྱེད་, Wyl. ldan min 'du byed) are defined in the Abhidharma teachings as conditioned phenomena that are neither matter nor consciousness.
The term non-concurrent formations (ldan min 'du byed) is used in the Tibetan tradition as a shortened form of the expression formations that are not concurrent with mind (S. cittaviprayuktasaṃskāra; T. sems dang ldan pa ma yin pa’i ’du byed; C. xin buxiangying fa 心不相應法).
Lists of non-concurrent formations
- Fourteen non-concurrent formations of the Abhidharma-kosha
- 23 non-concurrent formations of the Compendium of Abhidharma
- nonassociated formative factors (Science and Philosophy in the Indian Buddhist Classics)
- distinct formative factor (Lama Chökyi Nyima)
- non-associated conditioning factors (Padmakara)
- nonconcurrent formations (Erik Pema Kunsang, Light of Wisdom, Vol. 1)
- non-psychophysical aggregates (Samten & Garfield)
- abstract composites (Alan Wallace)
- anomalous creation (RTH, CPT)
- Thupten Jinpa (editor), Ian James Coghlan (translator), Science and Philosophy in the Indian Buddhist Classics, Volume 1: The Physical World (Wisdom: 2017), 141-150
- Erik Pema Kunsang (translator), Light of Wisdom, Volume 1 (Rangjung Yeshe Publications: 1999), pages 184-185.
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