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Nyāya (Skt.) literally means "rules", "method" or "judgment". It is also the name of one of the six orthodox (astika) schools of Hinduism.
The Nyaya school's most significant contributions to Indian philosophy was systematic development of the theory of logic, methodology, and its treatises on epistemology.
Nyaya school shares some of its methodology and human suffering foundations with Buddhism; however, a key difference between the two is the Buddhist concept of anatman (no-self).
Nagarjuna's text Vaidalyaprakarana refutes the views of the Nyaya school.
- ↑ nyAya Monier-Williams' Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon, Germany
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Nyaya: Indian Philosophy Encyclopædia Britannica (2014)
- ↑ B Gupta (2012), An Introduction to Indian Philosophy: Perspectives on Reality, Knowledge and Freedom, Routledge, ISBN 978-0415800037, pages 171-189
- ↑ PT Raju (1985), Structural Depths of Indian Thought: Toward a Constructive Postmodern Ethics, State University of New York Press, ISBN 978-0887061394, page 223