Three outer tantras
|The Nine Yanas|
|Sutrayana (Outer Yanas)|
|Three outer tantras|
|Three inner tantras|
|Four Classes of Tantra|
|Three outer classes|
|1. Yana of kriya tantra|
|2. Yana of charya tantra|
|3. Yana of yoga tantra|
|4. Highest yoga tantra|
|Tibetan Canon ~ Inner (Nyingma)|
These three classes repesent:
- The second of three divisions within the nine yanas classification of the Nyingma school
- The first three of the four classes of tantra within the Sarma schools.
Kriya tantra is a classification of tantras within Tibetan Buddhism. The kriya tantras, or ‘action’ tantras, are so-called because they are concerned mainly with external conduct, the practices of ritual purification and cleanliness and so on.
The Kriya trantras are identified within the following contexts:
- the first of the three outer tantras within both the nine yanas classification of the Nyingma school, and the four-tantric-yanas classification scheme of the Sarma schools.
- the fourth yana within the nine yana classification.
Charya tantra is also known as Upayogatantra or Ubhayatantra (ཨུ་པའི་རྒྱུད་, u pa'i rgyud). The vehicle of charya or ‘conduct’ tantra is so-called because it places an equal emphasis on the outer actions of body and speech and the inner cultivation of samadhi. It is also called the ‘tantra of both’ (Skt. ubhaya tantra) because its view conforms with that of yoga tantra, while its conduct is similar to that of kriya tantra.
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