Padumuttara Buddha

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According to the Buddhavamsa of the Pali canon, Padumuttara Buddha is the thirteenth of the twenty-seven buddhas who preceded the historical Gotama Buddha.

In the Buddhavamsa, he is described as:

One hundred thousand aeons ago, Padumuttara Buddha, who knows everything and deserves every donations, was born alone in that aeon.[1]

Padmottara Buddha
Sanskrit पद्मोत्तर
Pāli पदुमुत्तर
Burmese ပဒုမုတ္တရဘုရား
Chinese 蓮花上佛
(Pinyin: Liánhuāshàng Fó)
Korean 연화상불
(RR: Yeonhwasang Bul)
Sinhala පදුමුත්තර බුදුන් වහන්සේ
Thai พระปทุมุตรพุทธเจ้า
Phra Patumutar Phutthachao
Vietnamese Thắng Liên Hoa Phật
Thượng Liên Hoa Phật
Bạch Liên Hoa Phật
Venerated by Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana
Attributes Producing Lotus
Preceded by Nārada Buddha
Succeeded by Sumedha Buddha
Dharma Wheel.svg Buddhism portal


He was born in Hamsavatī. He lived for ten thousand years in three palaces: Naravāhana, Yassa (or Yasavatī) and Vasavatti. His wife was Vasudattā, by whom he had a son, Uttara. His body was fifty-eight cubits (between 26.51 meters, or 87 feet) high.

He practiced asceticism for seven days. He died in Nandārāma at the age of one hundred thousand, and a stūpa twelve leagues in height was erected over his relics.[2]

His life parallels that of Gautama Buddha except that he was assisted by different people and his bodhi tree was a sarala (Dipterocarpus zeylanicus) in Theravada buddhism. Many of Gautama Buddha's disciples were said to have made their aspiration for eminent positions in the time of Padumuttara Buddha.

In the Apadāna some gods wish to build a stūpa of their own over the relics of Padumuttara. As a Tathāgata his relics were not separated. Dīpankara attained Nirvāṇa in Nandārāma, where a stūpa was built which was thirty-six yojanas high.[3]

The Buddha and the Lotus

Whenever Padumuttara Buddha steps, a sacred lotus appeared at where his foot land. The lotuses had a length of 90 cubits or 135 feet and a breadth of 60 cubits or 90 feet. The stamens were 30 cubits or 45 feet and the petals were 12 cubits or 18 feet. When his right foot lands, 2.25 quarts of pollen were produced. When he took another step, the previous lotus disappeared and a new one appeared.[4]

See also


  1. "History of Buddhas", Buddhavamsa
  2., Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Padumuttara
  3. John S. Strong (2007). Relics of the Buddha. p. 45. ISBN 0691117640. 
  4. "Jinatthapakāsanī (The explicit life of Gotama Buddha),(Eighth edition) Part 2" by Kyee Thel Lay Htet Sayadaw

External links

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