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Prasenajit of Kosala pays a visit to Buddha
Procession of Prasenajit of Kosala leaving Sravasti to meet the Buddha. Sanchi[1]

Pasenadi (Sanskrit: Prasenajit) (c. 6th century BCE) was a prominent lay disciple (upāsaka) of Gautama Buddha.

He was a ruler of Kosala from the Aikṣvāka dynasty. His capital city was Sāvatthī. He succeeded after Sanjaya Mahākosala.[2] He built many monasteries for the Buddhist community.


Pasenadi studied in Taxila in his early life. He was the king of Kosala (modern Oudh or Awadh).[3] His first queen was a Magadhan princess, a sister of king Bimbisara. His second and chief queen was Vāsavakhattiyā, a Sākya slave girl, daughter of the chief of garland-makers for Mahānāma. From this marriage, he had a son, Viḍūḍabha and a daughter, Princess Vajira, who was later married to Ajātaśatru (Pāli: Ajātasattu).[4][3]

He married his sister Kosala Devi to Bimbisara.[5]

Once, while he was away from his capital Shravasti, his minister Dīgha Chārāyana placed his son Viḍūḍabha on the throne. He went to Magadha to seek help from Ajātaśatru in order to regain his throne. But before being able to meet him, Pasenadi died of exposure outside the gates of Rājagṛha (Pāli: Rājagaha).[6] He was succeeded by his son Vidudabha.[7] The Puranas instead of Viḍūḍabha mention the name of Kṣudraka as his successor.[8]



  1. Marshall p.59
  2. Raychaudhuri H. (1972). Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, pp.90,176
  3. 3.0 3.1 Sastri 1988, p. 17.
  4. Pasenadi.
  5. Upinder Singh 2016, p. 271.
  6. Raychaudhuri H. (1972). Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, pp.176-8,186
  7. Sen 1999, p. 107.
  8. Misra, V. S. (2007). Ancient Indian Dynasties, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-413-8, pp.287-8