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Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is the intersection of textual criticism, literary criticism, history, and linguistics.[1][2] Philology is more commonly defined as the study of literary texts as well as oral and written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning. A person who pursues this kind of study is known as a philologist.

In older usage, especially British, philology is more general, covering comparative and historical linguistics.[3][4]


  1. SAUSSURE, Ferdinand de (2002). Ecrits de linguistique generale. Paris: Gallimard. ISBN 9782070761166. 
  2. Peile, John (1880). Philology. Macmillan and Co. Retrieved 2011-07-16. 
  3. "philology". 
  4. "philology". 
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