Physical characteristics of a buddha

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One of the first representations of the Buddha, 1st-2nd century CE, Greco-Buddhist art, Gandhara.

Physical characteristics of a buddha - all buddhas are said to possess the following physical characteristics:[1]

Within Buddhist cosmology, these thirty-two major marks and eighty minor marks are physical attributes possessed by both buddhas and chakravartins.

However, according to Gateway to Knowledge, the major and minor marks of a buddha are superior to those of a chakravartin, in that the marks on a buddha are more clear and distinct.[2] Also, a buddha has a few marks that are not found on the chakravartin, such as the protuberance on the crown of a buddha's head.[2]


  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. Buddha.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Mipham Rinpoche 2002, s.v. paragraphs 21.149-150.


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