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Prajñapti (P. paññatti; T. gdags pa/btags pa; C. jiaming 假名) is a conventional designation,[1] or "the denotation of a thing by a word."[2]

The term has been translated as “designation,” “imputation,” or “convention."[3]

Nagao Madh states:

Prajiiapti (Tib. gdags pa) or "designation" is of a worldly or conventional character, being opposite to paramirtha, which is supra-mundane, and beyond any conceptualizations...[4]

The term is also contrasted with dravyasat (substantially existent).[3]


  1. Gold, Jonathan. "Without Karma and Nirvana, Buddhism is Nihilism", in Garfield and Westerhoff, Madhyamaka and Yogacara, Oxford, 2015
  2. Prajñapti (Encyclopedia Britannica)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Robert E. Buswell Jr., Donald S. Lopez Jr., The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (Princeton: 2014), s.v. Prajñapti
  4. From Miidhyamika to Y ogEka: An Analysis of MMK, XXIV. 18 and MV, I. 1-2