Rhinoceros Sutra

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An Indian rhinoceros in the wild.

The Rhinoceros Sutra (P. Khaggavisāṇa-sutta) is a sutta of the Pali canon that advocates the merit of solitary practice for pursuing enlightenment. According to SuttaCentral, this sutta teaches that "if you can’t find a good teacher, it’s better to wander alone."[1]


In the Sutta Pitaka, this sutta is the third sutta in the Khuddaka Nikaya's Sutta Nipata's first chapter (Uragavagga, or the "Snake Chapter," named after the chapter's first sutta), and thus can be referenced as "Sn 1.3."[2]

The Rhinoceros Sutra is considered, along with the Aṭṭhakavagga and Pārāyanavagga, as one of the earliest texts found in the Pāli Canon.[3]

This text might be related to a text identified in the Chinese translation of the Mahāsāṃghika vinaya and thus was also referred to with a Gāndhārī name similar to Pracegabudha-sutra.[4]




Further reading