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Sarma (Tibetan: གསར་མ, Wylie: gsar ma) or "New Schools" refers to the schools of Tibetan Buddhism that follow the later translations of Buddhist texts from India, made from the time of the great translator Rinchen Zangpo (958-1055) onwards.
The schools in this category are:
The Nyingma, a name contemporary to the emergence of the above schools in the 11th century, is the sole "Old Translation" (T. snga 'gyur སྔ་འགྱུར།) school and is often equated as originating with the introduction of Buddhism to Tibet around the turn of the 8th century.
Four classes of tantra
The Sarma schools identifies four classes of tantra. This is in contrast to the Nyingma school which identifies six classes of tantra.