Schøyen Collection

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The Schøyen Collection is one of the largest private manuscript collections in the world, mostly located in Oslo and London.[1] Formed in the 20th century by the father of current owner Martin Schøyen,[2] it comprises manuscripts of global provenance, spanning 5,000 years of history. It contains more than 13,000 manuscript items; the oldest is about 5,300 years old. There are manuscripts from 134 different countries and territories, representing 120 languages and 185 scripts.[3][4]

The collection includes:

  • Ancient Buddhist and Hindu manuscripts likely recovered from recently destroyed Buddhist sites such as Bamiyan in Afghanistan and other Buddhist monastery ruins in northwest Pakistan since the 1990s.[5][6]
  • Manuscripts related to Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism from the Medieval era


  1. Sophia Labadi; Colin Long (2010). Heritage and Globalisation. Routledge. pp. 146–147 note 13. ISBN 978-1-136-96526-5. 
  3. The Schøyen Collection
  4. Scope & Size of the Schoyen Collection
  5. Stephen C. Berkwitz; Juliane Schober; Claudia Brown (2009). Buddhist Manuscript Cultures: Knowledge, Ritual, and Art. Routledge. pp. 9–12. ISBN 978-1-134-00242-9. 
  6. Jens Braarvig (2000). Buddhist manuscripts, Vol 1–3. Hermes. pp. xii–xiii, 102–105, 275–285. ISBN 978-82-8034-003-0. , Volume 1: ISBN 978-82-8034-001-6
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