Schools of Buddhism
This article lists the main Schools of Buddhism with the major Buddhist traditions.
- Vibhajyavāda (prior to 240 BCE; during Aśoka)
- Pudgalavāda ('Personalist') (c. 280 BCE)
- Mahāsāṃghika ('Majority', c. 380 BCE)
Sthaviravāda split into 11 sects:
Mahāsāṃghika split into 9 sects:
Influences on East Asian schools
- East Asian Buddhist traditions generally follow the monastic tradition of the vinaya of the Dharmaguptaka lineage. However, there are exceptions. For example, some sects within Japan do not follow the traditional vinaya vows; these sects permit non-celibate "monks" or "preists".
- The Japanese Jojitsu is considered by some an offshoot of Sautrāntika; others consider it to be derived from Bahuśrutīya.
- The Chinese/Japanese Kusha school is considered an offshoot of Sarvāstivāda, influenced by Vasubandhu.
The different schools in Theravada often emphasize different aspects (or parts) of the Pāli canon and the later commentaries, or differ in the focus on and recommended way of practice. There are also significant differences in strictness or interpretation of the vinaya.
- Sri Lanka:
- Vipassana movement
- Tantric Theravada
Indian Mahayana schools
East Asian schools
- Chinese Buddhism
- Korean Buddhism
- Vietnamese Buddhism
- Japanese Buddhism
- Pure Land
- Risshū school (Vinaya school)
- Jojitsu (Satyasiddhi - historical)
- Kusha (Abhidharmakośa - historical)
- Sanron (Mādhyamaka - historical)
- Hossō (Yogācāra)
- Kegon (Avatamsaka)
- Japanese esoteric Buddhism
- Nichiren Buddhism
Tibetan cultural schools
- Four main schools
- Other schools/traditions
- Tibetan Buddhism
- East Asian Tantric Buddhism (aka Tangmi, Esoteric Buddhism, Chinese Esoteric Buddhsim)
- Why Are Buddhist Monks in Japan Allowed to Get Married?
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-28. Retrieved 2013-07-29..
- Bhikkhu Sujato (2007). Sects and sectarianism: the origins of Buddhist schools, Taipei, Taiwan: Buddha Educational Foundation; revised edidion: Santipada 2012
- Dutt, N. (1998). Buddhist Sects in India. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
- Coleman, Graham, ed. (1993). A Handbook of Tibetan Culture. Boston: Shambhala Publications, Inc.. ISBN 1-57062-002-4.
- Warder, A.K. (1970). Indian Buddhism. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.