Seventy-five dharmas of the Abhidharma-kosha

From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to: navigation, search

The Abhidharma-kosha identifies seventy-five dharmas (elements) that the Sarvāstivāda school "held were substantially existent (dravyasat) and endowed with intrinsic nature (svabhava)".[1] These are:[2][3][note 1]

  • the five sense organs (indriya),
  • the five sense objects,
  • nonmanifest materiality (or "imperceptible forms") (avijnapti-rupa),
  • mind (citta),
  • forty-six concomittant mental factors (caitta),
  • fourteen non-concurrent formations (aka "conditioned forces dissociated from thought" (Buswell) or "elements neither substantial forms nor mental fuctions" (Goodman)) (citta-viprayukta-samskara), and
  • three unconditioned factors (or "non-created elements") (asamskrta-dharma)

Three unconditioned factors

The three unconditioned factors identified in the Abhidharma-kosha are:

  1. space, akasa
  2. extinction through intellectual power, pratisamkhya-nirodha
  3. extinction due to lack of a productive cause, apratisamkhya-nirodha


  1. In this list, the primary translations are from Buswell or Rigpa Wiki. The translated terms in quotes are from Steven Goodman unless otherwise noted.


  1. Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. Sarvāstivāda
  2. Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. Seventy-five dharmas of the Abhidharma-kosha
  3. Goodman 2020, Appendix 1.


  • Book icoline.svg Goodman, Steven D. (2020), The Buddhist Psychology of Awakening: An In-Depth Guide to the Abhidharma (Apple Books ed.), Shambhala Publications 
  • RW icon height 18px.png Fourteen non-concurrent formations

External links

This article is developed by our editors based on the sources cited. Our team icon 75px.png