Seventy-five dharmas of the Abhidharma-kosha

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The Abhidharma-kosha identifies seventy-five dharmas (elements) that the Sarvāstivāda school "held were substantially existent (dravyasat) and endowed with intrinsic nature (svabhava)".[1] These are:[2][3][note 1]

  • the five sense organs (indriya),
  • the five sense objects,
  • nonmanifest materiality (or "imperceptible forms") (avijnapti-rupa),
  • mind (citta),
  • forty-six concomittant mental factors (caitta),
  • fourteen non-concurrent formations (aka "conditioned forces dissociated from thought" (Buswell) or "elements neither substantial forms nor mental fuctions" (Goodman)) (citta-viprayukta-samskara), and
  • three unconditioned factors (or "non-created elements") (asamskrta-dharma)

Three unconditioned factors

The three unconditioned factors identified in the Abhidharma-kosha are:

  1. space, akasa
  2. extinction through intellectual power, pratisamkhya-nirodha
  3. extinction due to lack of a productive cause, apratisamkhya-nirodha


  1. In this list, the primary translations are from Buswell or Rigpa Wiki. The translated terms in quotes are from Steven Goodman unless otherwise noted.


  1. Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Buswell & Lopez 2014, Sarvāstivāda
  2. Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Buswell & Lopez 2014, Seventy-five dharmas of the Abhidharma-kosha
  3. Steven Goodman, Frogs in the Custard, ZAM (out of print)


  • Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University 

External links

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