Snga dar

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snga dar (T. སྔ་དར་; pronounced "nga dar") is translated as "early dissemination," "early transmission," "early spreading of the dharma," etc. It refers to the first period of transmission of the dharma from India to Tibet.[1]

Tibetan scholars typically discuss the transmission of Buddhist texts and doctrine from India to Tibet in terms of two great waves, or periods of transmission. The first period began during the reign of king Songtsen Gampo in the 600s CE, and lasted until the fall of the Tibetan Empire around 842. This period is referred to as the "earlier dissemination" (T. snga dar).[2]

The "later dissemination" (T. phyi dar) began during the 11th century when King Yeshe O of Western Tibet became concerned with the decline of the dharma in Tibet and he sponsored new translations of Indian texts and invited the scholar-yogi Atisha to Tibet.[2]