Sthiti (P. ṭhiti; T. gnas pa; C. zhu; J. jū; K. chu) is translated as abiding, continuance, maturation, etc. It is the characteristic of conditioned things to remain or abide for a moment before decaying and then ceasing.
In the Sanskrit tradition, sthiti is a characteristic of all conditioned things.
Sthiti is identified in the following contexts:
- One of the four characteristics of conditioned phenomena within the Sanskrit Abhidharma
- One of the fourteen non-concurrent formations within the Sanskrit Abhidharma
In the Abhidharma tradition of the Vaibhāṣika school, the non-concurrent formations are understood as substantially existent entities. In the Sautrantika Abhidharma and in the Higher Abhidharma traditions, these formations are understood as imputations that arise from the mind.
- Nevertheless, though seemingly infinitesimal, each mind-moment in turn consists of three sub-moments—arising (uppāda), presence (ṭhiti), and dissolution (bhanga). Within the breadth of a mind-moment, a citta arises, performs its momentary function, and then dissolves, conditioning the next citta in immediate succession. Thus, through the sequence of mind-moments, the flow of consciousness continues uninterrupted like the waters in a stream.
- Bhikkhu Bodhi 2000, s.v. "Compendium of the Cognitive Process".
- Bhikkhu Bodhi, ed. (2000), A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma, Pariyatti Publishing
- Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University
- Mipham Rinpoche (2004), Gateway to Knowledge, vol. I, translated by Kunsang, Erik Pema, Rangjung Yeshe Publications