Subhūti (T. rab 'byor རབ་འབྱོར་; C. xuputi 須菩提) was one of the ten principal disciples of the Buddha. In the Pali tradition he is considered the disciple who was foremost in being "worthy of gifts" (Pali: dakkhiṇeyyānaṃ) and "living remote and in peace" (Pali: araṇavihārīnaṃ aggo). In the Mahayana texts of the Sanskrit tradition, he is considered foremost in understanding emptiness (Sanskrit: Śūnyatā).
Subhūti was born into a wealthy family and was a relative of Anāthapiṇḍika, the Buddha's chief patron. He became a monk after hearing the Buddha teach at the dedication ceremony of Jetavana Monastery. After ordaining, Subhūti went into the forest and became an arahant while meditating on loving-kindness (Pali: mettā). It is said that due to his mastery of loving-kindness meditation, any gift offered to him bore the greatest merit for the donor, thus earning him the title of foremost in being "worthy of gifts". Subhūti is a major figure in Mahayana Buddhism and is the one of the central figures in Prajñāpāramitā sutras.
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