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The stupa at Swayambhunath
Standing Buddha statue at Swayambu.

Swayambhu is an ancient religious complex atop a hill in the Kathmandu Valley, west of Kathmandu city. The complex consists of a stupa, a variety of shrines and temples, some dating back to the Licchavi period.

The stupa at this site, Swayambhunath Stupa (Skt. Svayaṃbhūnāth Stūpa; Eng. The Self-Arisen Stūpa), known as "Phakpa Shingkün" in Tibetan (T. 'phags pa shing kun འཕགས་པ་ཤིང་ཀུན་; Eng. Sublime Trees of All Kinds), is one of the most sacred stupas in Nepal.[1] This site is also known locally as “The Monkey Temple,” due to the large number of monkeys which live in and around the temple complex.

Along with the stupas at Boudhanath and Namo Buddha, Swayambhunath is considered one of the three great stupas in Nepal. The origin of this stupa is recounted in the Swayambhu Purana, which details the history and significance of every major Buddhist site within the valley.[1]

Further reading


  1. 1.0 1.1 RW icon height 18px.png Swayambhunath, Rigpa Shedra Wiki