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Template:PaliCanonSamanaViews summarizes the diṭṭhi (views) of non-Buddhist ascetics (samaṇas) encountered in the Pāli Canon, particularly as summarized in the Samaññaphala Sutta (DN 2). Some are encountered elsewhere in the Pāli Canon, such as in the Upali Sutta [MN 56].

For historians, Indian philosophers and practitioners of Buddhism, the importance of these views is twofold:

  1. Gautama Buddha's views were expressed partly in response to these other teachers' views as well as to brahmanic views. (Gethin, 1998, pp. 9-13.)
  2. Speakers in the Pāli Canon at times remind followers to avoid what they perceive to be "wrong views" (Pali: micchādiṭṭhi) such as those expressed here. (See, for instance, the Brahmajala Sutta and Bhaskar, 1972.)

Table's references

This table includes two end notes which reference the following sources:

In the second end note, the notation "DN-a" refers to the Digha Nikaya's commentary (atthakatha), also known as the Sumangalavilasini. While Ñāṇamoli & Bodhi allude to this commentary, it and the related sub-commentary (tika) can actually be found in Bodhi (2004), pp. 91-2.

Other references