From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to: navigation, search

The Four planes of liberation
(according to the Sutta Piaka)



until suffering's end


1. identity view (Anatman)
2. doubt in Buddha
3. ascetic or ritual rules


up to seven rebirths in
human or heavenly realms


once more as
a human


4. sensual desire
5. ill will

once more in
a heavenly realm
(Pure Abodes)


6. material-rebirth desire
7. immaterial-rebirth desire
8. conceit
9. restlessness
10. ignorance


no rebirth

Source: Ñāṇamoli & Bodhi (2001), Middle-Length Discourses, pp. 41-43.

Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

Template:StagesFettersRebirths tabularizes Buddhist notions found in the Pali canon regarding:

Buddhist canonical sources for this information include the Ākaṅkheyya Sutta ("If One Wishes Discourse," MN 6) and the Alagaddūpama Sutta ("Snake-Simile Discourse," MN 22).


This template can be invoked as follows:

  • {{StagesFettersRebirths}}transcludes the template as shown here (without endnotes).
  • {{StagesFettersRebirths|notes=1}}transcludes the template with endnote references (e.g., [1], [2] and [3]) and associated notes (see below).

Use of the "notes" option

If the "notes" option is used, then this table's associated notes will be automatically placed in the transcluding article's "Notes" section.

This table's first note's tag is associated with the table's subtitle, "according to the Sutta Piaka." The second note's tag is associated with table's header's phrase, "stage's fruit." The third note's tag is associated with the table's first column's "once-returner" phrase. This tables's end notes are:

  1. See, for instance, the "Snake-Simile Discourse" (MN 22), where the Buddha states:

    "Monks, this Teaching so well proclaimed by me, is plain, open, explicit, free of patchwork. In this Teaching that is so well proclaimed by me and is plain, open, explicit and free of patchwork; for those who are arahants, free of taints, who have accomplished and completed their task, have laid down the burden, achieved their aim, severed the fetters binding to existence, who are liberated by full knowledge, there is no (future) round of existence that can be ascribed to them. – Majjhima Nikaya i.130 ¶ 42, Translated by Nyanaponika Thera (Nyanaponika, 2006)

  2. The "fruit" (Pali: phala) is the culmination of the "path" (magga). Thus, for example, the "stream-enterer" is the fruit for one on the "stream-entry" path; more specifically, the stream-enterer has abandoned the first three fetters, while one on the path of stream-entry strives to abandon these fetters.
  3. Both the stream-enterer and the once-returner abandon the first three fetters. What distinguishes these stages is that the once-returner additionally attenuates lust, hate and delusion, and will necessarily be reborn only once more.

These notes will be automatically generated in an article (that is, these notes are embedded in this diagram) when this table is transcluded if the <references /> or {{reflist}} tag is used.

Sources for transducing articles

It is recommended that the following reference(s) be copy-and-pasted into the transcluding article's sources/bibliography section. The source for this table is:

In addition, if this table's notes are used, then the following source should be added to support the first note's block quote:

WP source

Beyond the above sources, the main Wikipedia article and set of related citations for this template's content is Fetter (Buddhism). Questions about the reliability or accuracy of this template's concepts should be addressed on that article's talk page. Questions about this template's organization should be addressed on this template's talk page.

See also