Tengyur

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Tengyur
Tibetan name
Tibetan བསྟན་འགྱུར
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 丹珠爾
Simplified Chinese 丹珠尔

Tengyur (Tib. བསྟན་འགྱུར་, Wyl. bstan 'gyur), literally "translated treatises", is one of the two branches of the Tibetan Buddhist Canon.

The Tengyur contains Tibetan translations of works written by Indian Buddhist masters that explain and elaborate on the words of the Buddha. The Tengyur also contains texts on the Abhidharma, stories of the Buddha's previous lives, and other types of texts.

The other branch of the Tibetan canon is the Kangyur, which contains works that are regarded as "the word of the Buddha" within the Tibetan tradition, namely sutras and tantras.

Divisions

Degé edition

The divisions of the Tengyur according to the Degé edition are shown below.

  • Eulogy (བསྟོད་ཚོགས། · bstod tshogs)
84000.png Eulogy
  • Tantra (རྒྱུད། · rgyud)
84000.png Tantra
  • Sūtra commentary and philosophy
84000.png Sūtra commentary and philosophy
84000.png Abhidharma
  • Disciple (འདུལ་བ། · 'dul ba)
84000.png Discipline
  • Jataka (སྐྱེས་རབས། · skyes rabs)
84000.png The Buddha's previous lives
  • Epistles (སྤྲིང་ཡིག་ · spring yig)
84000.png Epistles
84000.png Epistemology and logic
  • Traditional sciences and arts
84000.png Traditional sciences and arts
  • Works of Atiśa (ཇོ་བོའི་ཆོས་ཆུང། · jo bo'i chos chung)
84000.png Works of Atiśa
  • Tengyur catalogue (བསྟན་འགྱུར་དཀར་ཆག། · bstan 'gyur dkar chag)
84000.png Tengyur catalogue

Beijing edition

As example, the content of the Beijing Tengyur:[1]

  • Stotras ("Hymns of Praise"): 1 Volume; 64 texts.
  • Commentaries on the Tantras: 86 Volumes; 3055 texts.
  • Commentaries on Sutras; 137 Volumes; 567 texts.
  1. Prajnaparamita Commentaries, 16 Volumes.
  2. Madhyamika Treatises, 29 Volumes.
  3. Yogacara Treatises, 29 Volumes.
  4. Abhidharma, 8 Volumes.
  5. Miscellaneous Texts, 4 Volumes.
  6. Vinaya Commentaries, 16 Volumes.
  7. Tales and Dramas, 4 Volumes.
  8. Technical Treatises, 43 Volumes.

Major Editions

Young monks printing scriptures in Sera Monastery, Tibet

In total there are currently five known Tengyur editions, all of which are printed xylograph collections. Stanley David claims that there is much greater uniformity among Tengyur editions than those of the Kangyur and thus he divides them into two groups:[2]

Group A:

Group B:

In addition, there is the Pedurma (dpe bsdur ma) edition, which is a comparative edition, recently created, based the Derge collection.

Authors represented in the Tengyur

The Tenjur contains a number of commentaries composed by Indian authors. Below are the authors the tradition holds to be of paramount importance.

Important Indian scholars

Two Supremes

Six Scholarly Ornaments

Seventeen Great Panditas

References are sometimes made to the Seventeen Great Panditas. This formulation groups the eight listed above with the following nine scholars.

See also

Footnotes

  1. The Tibetan Canon by Buddhanet.org
  2. Stanley, David Phillip. Tibetan Buddhist Canon. Tibetan and Himalayan Digital Library (THL), 2005. http://www.thlib.org/encyclopedias/literary/canons/index.php#!essay=/stanley/tibcanons/s/b2
  3. http://www.sakya.org/News%20Letters/Sakya%20Newsletter%20Summer%202007.pdf
  4. Kalu Rinpoche, Luminous Mind: The Way of the Buddha. Wisdom Publications,1997. p. 285


References

  • Schlagintweit, Emil (2006) Buddhism in Tibet: Illustrated by Literary Documents and Objects Of Religious Worship With An Account Of The Buddhist Systems Preceding It In India ISBN 1-4286-4999-9
  • Stein, R. A. (1962) Tibetan Civilization. First English edition - translated by J. E. Stapleton Driver (1972). Reprint (1972): Stanford University Press, Stanford, California ISBN 0-8047-0806-1 (cloth); ISBN 0-8047-0901-7
  • Tucci, Giuseppe. The Religions of Tibet. (1970). First English edition, translated by Geoffrey Samuel (1980). Reprint: (1988), University of California Press ISBN 0-520-03856-8 (cloth); ISBN 0520063481 (pbk)

External links

General reference:

English language translations of texts from the Tengyur:

Tibetan language Tengyur collections:

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