Thirty-seven factors of enlightenment
|Thirty-seven factors of enlightenment|
|Sets of factors|
|1-4: four foundations of mindfulness|
|5-8: four right exertions|
|9-12: four bases of miraculous power|
|13-17: five spiritual faculties|
|18-22: five powers|
|23-29: seven aspects of enlightenment|
|29-35: eightfold path|
The thirty-seven factors of enlightenment (Skt. saptatriṁśa-bodhipakṣa-dharma; Tib. བྱང་ཆུབ་ཀྱི་ཕྱོགས་ཀྱི་ཆོས་སུམ་ཅུ་རྩ་བདུན་, Wyl. byang chub kyi phyogs kyi chos sum cu rtsa bdun; Pin. sanshiqi daopin) are thirty-seven practices, presented in seven groupings, undertaken and perfected at specific stages of the first four of the five paths and present thereafter as qualities of enlightenment. They are found in Buddha's Mahaparinirvana Sutra.
They are as follows:
- 1-4: four foundations of mindfulness
- 5-8: four right exertions or four genuine restraints
- 9-12: four bases of miraculous power
- 13-17: five faculties
- 18-22: five powers
- 23-29: seven aspects of enlightenment
- 30-37: eightfold path
- thirty-seven wings of enlightenment (Dharma Publishing)
- Kangyur Rinpoche, Treasury of Precious Qualities (Boston & London: Shambhala, 2001), 'Appendix 6'.
- Middle Beyond Extremes: Maitreya's Madhyantavibhanga with Commentaries by Khenpo Shenga and Ju Mipham, Dharmachakra Translation Committee, Snow Lion, 2006. 'Chapter 4'
- A Brief Guide to the Stages and Paths of the Bodhisattvas by Patrul Rinpoche
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