Thirty-seven factors of enlightenment

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Thirty-seven factors of enlightenment
Sets of factors
1-4: Four foundations of mindfulness
5-8: Four right exertions
9-12: Four bases of miraculous power
13-17: Five spiritual faculties
18-22: Five powers
23-29: Seven aspects of enlightenment
29-35: Eightfold path
Related topics

The thirty-seven factors of enlightenment (Skt. saptatriṁśa-bodhipakṣa-dharma; Tib. བྱང་ཆུབ་ཀྱི་ཕྱོགས་ཀྱི་ཆོས་སུམ་ཅུ་རྩ་བདུན་, Wyl. byang chub kyi phyogs kyi chos sum cu rtsa bdun; Pin. sanshiqi daopin) are thirty-seven factors, presented in seven groupings, that lead to enlightenment. These factors are presented in multiple texts in both the Pali tradition[1] and the Sanskrit tradition.

They are as follows:

In the Sanskrit (Mahayana) tradition, these factors are undertaken and perfected at specific stages of the first four of the five paths and present thereafter as qualities of enlightenment.

Alternative translations

  • thirty-seven wings of enlightenment (Dharma Publishing)
  • thirty-seven requisites of enlightenment (Bhikkhu Bodhi, I.B. Horner)


Further reading

  • Kangyur Rinpoche, Treasury of Precious Qualities (Boston & London: Shambhala, 2001), 'Appendix 6'.
  • Middle Beyond Extremes: Maitreya's Madhyantavibhanga with Commentaries by Khenpo Shenga and Ju Mipham, Dharmachakra Translation Committee, Snow Lion, 2006. 'Chapter 4'

External links

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