Three Jewels

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The Three Jewels (S. ratnatraya [alt. triratna]; P. ratanattaya [alt. tiratana]; T. dkon mchog gsum; C. sanbao; J. sanbō; K. sambo 三寶), or triple gem, refers to the principle objects of veneration in Buddhism.[1]

The Three Jewels are: 

The key practice or ritual that established oneself as a Buddhist is to take refuge in the Three Jewels. In the context of taking refuge, the Three Jewels are generally understood as follows:

  • the Buddha refers primarly to Gautama Buddha
  • the Dharma refers to the teachings of the Buddha
  • the Sangha refers to the arya sangha (those who have reached a certain level of realization)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Robert E. Buswell Jr., Donald S. Lopez Jr., The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (Princeton: 2014), entry for ratnatraya