Three seals

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Translations of
"three seals"
English three seals,
three dharma seals
Sanskrit trimudrā
Chinese 三法印
Japanese tbd
(rōmaji: samboin)

The three seals (Sanskrit: trimudrā) or three dharma seals (Sanskrit: tri dharma mudra) is a formulation of the fundamental tenets of Buddhism that is commonly used in East Asian Buddhism.[1][2] "Any teaching that does not bear these Three Seals cannot be said to be a teaching of the Buddha."[1]

According to the East Asian teachers Thich Nhat Hanh and Hsing Yun, the three seals are:

Note that similar, though slightly different, formulations are used in Theravada and Tibetan Buddhism:

  • in the Theravada tradition, the three dharma seals, more commonly known as the three marks of existence, are impermanence, nonself, and dukkha.
  • in the Tibetan tradition, the four dharma seals is the most common expression of the basic tenets. The four dharma seals are also referenced by East Asian Buddhist teachers.[2]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Three Dharma Seals (Thich Nhat Hanh)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Yun, Hsing (2008). "The Core Teachings". Buddha's Light Publishing. p. 49. ISBN 9781932293326. 


Further reading

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