Three spheres

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Three spheres (T. 'khor gsum འཁོར་གསུམ་) - in the Mahayana of the Sanskrit tradition, the "three spheres" are subject, object and action.

For example, consider a child looking a toy:

  • the child = subject or agent
  • toy = object
  • looking/seeing = action

When the three spheres are conceptualized (seen as inherently existing), this is a cognitive obscuration (jñeyā-varaṇa).

When the three spheres are seen to be lacking inherent existence, there is no cognitive obscuration.

The three spheres are also referred to as

  • three spheres of meditation (sgom pa'i 'khor gsum སྒོམ་པའི་འཁོར་གསུམ་)
  • three agents of object, agent, and action (bya byed las gsum བྱ་བྱེད་ལས་གསུམ་)

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