Tiantong Rujing

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Tiāntóng Rújìng
Tiantong Rujing Zen.jpg
School Caodong/Sōtō
Personal
Born 1162
Died 1228
Senior posting
Title Chán master
Predecessor Xuedou Zhijian
Successor Eihei Dōgen
Religious career
Teacher Xuedou Zhijian
Students Eihei Dōgen
Jakuen

Tiāntóng Rújìng (天童如淨; Japanese: Tendō Nyōjo) was a Caodong Buddhist monk living in Qìngdé Temple[1] (慶徳寺; Japanese: Keitoku-ji) on Tiāntóng Mountain (天童山; Japanese: Tendouzan) in Yinzhou District, Ningbo. He taught and gave dharma transmission to Sōtō Zen founder Dōgen[1][2] as well as early Sōtō monk Jakuen (寂円 Jìyuán).

His teacher was Xuedou Zhijian[1] (雪竇智鑑, 1105–1192), who was the sixteenth-generation dharma descendant of Huineng.

According to Keizan, when Ruijing became a leader, he didn't put himself above the other monks. He wore the black surplice and robe of a monk. He was given a purple vestment of honor by the emperor of China, but he declined it. Even after reaching enlightenment, he was willing to clean the bathroom.[3]

He is traditionally the originator of the terms shikantaza[4] and shinjin-datsuraku ("casting off of body and mind").

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Ferguson, Andrew E. (2000). Zen's Chinese Heritage: The Masters and Their Teachings. Wisdom Publications. p. 454. ISBN 978-0861711635. 
  2. Warner, Brad (May 2007). Sit Down and Shut Up. New World Library. p. 10. ISBN 1-57731-559-6. 
  3. Keizan, Jōkin. Transmission of Light. ISBN 0-86547-433-8. 
  4. "Caodong Family Tree". caodongzazen.com. Archived from the original on December 24, 2012. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 


External links

Buddhist titles
Preceded by
Xuedou Zhijian
Sōtō Zen patriarch
1192–1227
Succeeded by
Dōgen


Historical people list

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