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Traditionally, the text is said to have been composed by Vasubandhu, and translated into Chinese by Paramārtha. However, modern scholars suspect that the text may have been written by Paramārtha himself.
The Princeton Dictionary states:
- The text offers a tripartite account of the buddha-nature as “dwelling in itself,” “emergent,” and “attained”... It is also well known for its outline of three aspects of the tathāgatagarbha, as (1) the contained, (2) the concealed or hidden, and (3) the container.
- Here one finds the Tathgata-garbha being portrayed in cosmological terms as the ‘One Mind’ that encompasses the whole of reality, both awakened and unawakened; as a single, universal reality, rather than, as is typical in Indian Buddhism, an aspect of individual beings. This seemingly monistic doctrine is reminiscent of the Brahmanical idea that the Self (Ātman) is identical with Brahman, the sacred, and that ‘everything is Brahman’, and also with Daoist ideas of everything as the play of the Dao (see p. 211).
- Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University
- Harvey, Peter (2013), An Introduction to Buddhism (Second ed.), Cambridge University Press
- fó xìng lùn, Buddha Nature: A Tsadra Foundation Initiative