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Vaidalyaprakaraṇa (T. zhib mo rnam par ’thag pa ཞིབ་མོ་རྣམ་པར་འཐག་པ་), or Crushing the Categories, is a treatise attributed to Nagarjuna that belongs the Collection of Middle Way Reasoning.

The Vaidalyaprakarana refutes the sixteen categories set forth in the Nyaya-sutra (of the orthodix Hindu Nyaya school).[1] These categories formed the framework for many of the debates between Buddhist and Hindu philosophers. It is noteworthy for its engagement with the Hindu philosophers.[2]

The Sanskrit version of this text is no longer extant. The text has survived in Tibetan translation, and has recently been translated into English.


  • Jan Westerhoff, Crushing the Categories (Vaidalyaprakarana), Wisdom Publications, 2018




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