Verse Summary of the Perfection of Wisdom

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Prajñāpāramitā personified. From an Indian manuscript of the Aṣṭasāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra.

Verse Summary of the Perfection of Wisdom (Skt. Prajñāpāramitāratnaguṇasañcayagāthā[1]; Tib. འཕགས་པ་ཤེས་རབ་ཀྱི་ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་སྡུད་པ་ཚིགས་སུ་བཅད་པ་, Wyl. 'phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa sdud pa tshigs su bcad pa) is a verse summary of the Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines. In Tibetan it is often referred to simply as 'the summary' (Wyl. sdud pa) and is frequently cited. Like the prose 8,000 line text, it consists of 32 chapters.

In the Tibetan tradition, this text is known as one of the so-called 'six mother scriptures' of the Prajnaparamita.




  • Edward Conze, Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines and its Verse Summary, (1958)


“Wherever the Universal Monarch may travel, by whichever route,
On that very path he is accompanied by the seven precious emblems and all his army,
Just so, wherever there is the Perfection of Wisdom of the buddhas,
There too will be found all the dharmas of perfect qualities.”[2]


  1. The Sanskrit title translates as 'The Gathering of Precious Qualities'
  2. Chapter 3, verse 8.

Further reading

  • Akira Yuyama, Prajñā-pāramitā-ratna-guṇa-saṃcaya-gāthā: Sanskrit recension A, Cambridge University Press, 1976
  • Edward Conze, The Prajñāpāramitā Literature (1960)
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