Vikalpa (P. vikappa T. rnam par rtog pa རྣམ་པར་རྟོག་པ་; C. fenbie) has the meaning conceptualization, conceptual thinking, conceptual thought, discrimination, etc. According to Buswell, vikalpa refers to conceptual activities of the mental consciousness (manovijnana). Buswell also states:
- In the Yogacara school, vikalpa is described specfically as the "discriminative conception of apprehended and apprehender"...
The Rangjung Yeshe Wiki also describes vikalpa as "forming concepts of subject and object."
Within the Bodhisattvabhumi
- Here Asanga discusses the faults of "discursive," undisciplined thought (vikalpa) and the means of coming to thoroughly comprehend its workings. Because discursive thought and conceptualization of all kinds cloud our view of ultimate reality, Asanga here takes pains to delineate and analyze such thought.
Eight types of vikalpa
The Bodhisattvabhūmi identifies eight types of vikalpa:
- vikalpa concerning essential nature
- vikalpa concerning particularity
- vikalpa concerning grasping whole shapes
- vikalpa concerning "I"
- vikalpa concerning "mine"
- vikalpa concerning the agreeable
- vikalpa concerning the disagreeable
- vikalpa which is contrary to both the agreeable and the disagreeable
Alternate translations for this term are:
- conceptual thought (RY)
- discursive thought (Berzin, Jim Valby, et al)
- conceptual process
- [false] discrimination (Buswell)
- discriminating activities of the mind
- Robert E. Buswell Jr., Donald S. Lopez Jr., The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (Princeton: 2014), s.v. vikalpa
- Janice Dean Willis, On Knowing Reality, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers (2002), p. 40
- Janice Dean Willis, On Knowing Reality, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers (2002), p. 168-169
- Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University
- Janice Dean Willis, On Knowing Reality, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers (2002)
- Hamlin, Edward (1983). "Discourse in the Lankavatara Sutra". Journal of Indian Philosophy. 11 (3): 267–313.
- Kramer, Jowita (April 2018). "Conceptuality and Non-conceptuality in Yogācāra Sources". Journal of Indian Philosophy. 46: 321–338.
|This article is developed by our editors based on the sources cited.|