Vinaya texts (Chinese Canon)

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The Vinaya texts of the Chinese Canon correspond approximately to the Vinaya Pitaka of the Pali and Tibetan canons.[1]

The translations of vinaya texts into Chinese include the more or less complete vinaya literature of five of the Early Buddhist schools of India.[1]

East Asian Buddhist traditions generally follow the vinaya of the Dharmaguptaka school. However, there are exceptions.[2]

About the Vinaya

The texts of the Vinaya "comprise the monastic code, its history, and commentaries on it. As well as detailing all the rules to be kept by monks, nuns, male and female novices, and male and female lay practitioners, they include a wealth of history, biography, and narrative recording the circumstances under which each rule was originally introduced by the Buddha."[1]

Major divisions

The Vinaya texts of the Chinese canan can be divided into four major divisions:

  • (a) The Mahasamghika Vinaya of the Mahasamghika school.[3]
  • (b) The five divisions of the Mahisasaka Vinaya, the four divisions of the Dharmagupta Vinaya, the pratimoksa of Mahadasyapiyah, and the Sudarsana Vinaya of Tamrasatiya. All these are rules of the Vibbajyavada school.[3]
  • (c) The old Sravastivada Vinaya and the new Mulasarvasti vadanikaya Vinaya, both of the Sarvastivada school.[3]
  • (d) The Twenty-Two-Points-Of-Elucidation Sastras of the Sammatiya sect of the Vatsiputriyas school.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 84000.png Discipline: About
  2. For example, some sects within Japan do not follow the traditional vinaya vows. See: Why Are Buddhist Monks in Japan Allowed to Get Married?
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 The Chinese Canon (Buddhanet)


Sources