Vyapada

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Translations of
Vyapada
English ill will,
malice,
harmful intention,
malicious thoughts,
vindictiveness
Pali vyāpāda
Sanskrit vyāpāda
Tibetan གནོད་སེམས་
(Wylie: gnod sems)

Vyapada (Sanskrit:vyāpāda, alt. byāpāda; Pali: vyāpāda; Tibetan: gnod sems) - is translated as "ill-will", "malice", "harmful intention", etc. It is described as "the wish to injure"[1].

"When there is ill-will, there is no loving-kindness, no compassion..."[2]

Vyapada is identified in the following contexts within the Buddhist teachings:

  • One of the Five hindrances within the Theravada tradition.
  • One of the Ten fetters within the Theravada tradition (according to some lists)

Definitions

Theravada

"When there is ill-will, there is no loving-kindness, no compassion..."[2]

Mahayana

Vyapada is "ill-will", "maliciousness", "the wish to injure"[1]

Within the five hindrances

The hindrance of ill will (vyapada) is latching onto thoughts or feelings based on anger, resentment, hostility, bitterness, etc.

Theravada

Ajahn Brahmavamso states:

"Ill will refers to the desire to punish, hurt or destroy. It includes sheer hatred of a person, or even a situation, and it can generate so much energy that it is both seductive and addictive. At the time, it always appears justified for such is its power that it easily corrupts our ability to judge fairly. It also includes ill will towards oneself, otherwise known as guilt, which denies oneself any possibility of happiness. In meditation, ill will can appear as dislike towards the meditation object itself, rejecting it so that one's attention is forced to wander elsewhere."[3]

Mahayana

Traleg Kyabgon states:

"The second hindrance is ill will; it is the opposite of the first hindrance, being brought about by aversion rather than attraction. Ill will refers to all kinds of thought related to wanting to reject, feelings of hostility, resentment, hatred and bitterness. When they arise, we should take note of them, not necessarily suppressing them, but seeing how they arise."[4]

See also

References


Sources

External links