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yoga (T. sbyor ba/rnal 'byor སྦྱོར་བ་/རྣལ་འབྱོར་; C. xiu/xuixing/xiuxi/yuqie) is a generic term for spiritual training or practice within Indian religious traditions.[1]

The term is used within both Buddhist and non-Buddhist traditions, and it has a variety of applications. For example, the term haṭha-yoga refers to practices that focus on maintaining different bodily postures (āsana); the term is also used to refer to a variety of Buddhist practices which focus on contemplative techniques.[2]

For example, the phrase "the yoga of shamatha and vipasana" (ཞི་ལྷག་གི་རྣལ་འབྱོར་) can be found in Tibetan texts.[3] In this case, the term "yoga" is often translated as "practice" or "meditation practice."[4]

The term is also used to refer to various tantric practices, such as:


  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. yoga.
  2. Gethin 1998, s.v. "The practice of calm meditation".
  3. Internet-icon.svg ཞི་ལྷག་གི་རྣལ་འབྱོར་, Christian-Steinert Dictionary
  4. For example, see: LotsawaHouse-tag.png Treasury of Blessings


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