From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Preceded byVipassī Buddha
Succeeded byVessabhū Buddha

Śikhin (P. Sikhī; T. gtsug gtor can; C. shiqi 尸棄) was the second to last buddha of the the "glorious eon" (vyūhakalpa), which was the eon that proceeded the current "fortunate eon" (bhadrakalpa).[1][2][3]

This buddha is included in the following lists:


He was called Sikhī because his unhisa (turban) looked like a sikha (flame).[4]


According to the Buddhavamsa as well as traditional Buddhist legend, Sikhī lived 31 kalpas — many millions of years — before the present time.[5][6] He was born in Aruṇavatī, which is located in the Dhule district of Maharashtra, in present-day India.[7] His family was of the Kshatriya varna, which constituted the ruling and military elite of the Vedic period. His father was Aruṇa the warrior-chief, and his mother was Pabhāvatī.[6] His wife was Sabbakama, and he had a son named Atula.[7]

Sikhī lived in the palaces of Sucanda, Giri and Vāhana for 7,000 Days until he renounced his worldly life, riding out of the palace on an elephant.[7] He practiced asceticism for eight months[4] before attaining enlightenment under a pundarika tree.[6] Just prior to achieving buddhahood, he accepted a bowl of milk rice from the daughter of Piyadassī (a sethi from the town of Sudassana Nigama),[8] and sat on a grass seat prepared by Anomadassi, an Ājīvika ascetic.[4]

Sources differ as to how long Sikhī lived. He was reported to have died in Dussarama (or Assarama), somewhere near the Silavati River, at the age of either 37,000[6] or 70,000 Days.[4][7]


Sikhī preached his first sermon in Migachira Park[4] to 100,000 disciples, his second sermon to 80,000 disciples, and his third sermon to 70,000 disciples.[6][7]

He demonstrated his twin miracle at a place near Suriyavati under a champaka tree. Abhibhu and Sambhava were his chief monk disciples; and Akhila (or Makhila) and Paduma were his principal female disciples. His chief attendant was Khemankara. Sirivaddha and Chanda (or Nanda) were his chief male patrons; and Chitta and Sugutta were the chief among the women.[4]


  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. saptatathāgata.
  2. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. List of Lists, "seven buddhas [of the past].
  3. Internet-icon.svg gtsug gtor can, Christian-Steinert Dictionary
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Varma, CB (2002). "98: Sikhī Buddha". The Illustrated Jataka & Other Stories of the Buddha. New Delhi, India: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. 
  5. Beal, S (1875). "Chapter III: Exciting to religious sentiment". The romantic legend of Sâkya Buddha: from the Chinese-Sanscrit. London: Trubner & Company, Ludgate Hill. pp. 10–17. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Davids, TWR; Davids, R (1878). "The successive bodhisats in the times of the previous Buddhas". Buddhist birth-stories; Jataka tales. The commentarial introduction entitled Nidana-Katha; the story of the lineage. London: George Routledge & Sons. pp. 115–44. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Horner, IB (1975). "The twentieth chronicle: that of the Lord Sikhin". The Minor Anthologies Of The Pali Canon: Part III: Chronicle Of Buddhas (Buddhavamsa) and Basket Of Conduct (Cariyapitaka). Oxford: Pali Text Society. pp. 77–80. ISBN 086013072X. 
  8. Malalasekera, GP (2007). Dictionary of Pāli proper names. Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited. p. 207. ISBN 978-81-208-3020-2. 


This article includes content from Sikhī Buddha on Wikipedia (view authors). License under CC BY-SA 3.0. Wikipedia logo