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Abhidharma-samuccaya (T. mngon pa kun btus/chos mngon pa kun las btus pa; C. Dasheng Apidamo ji lun 大乘阿毘達磨集論), or Compendium of Abhidharma, is a text composed by the renowned Indian scholar Asanga that presents a complete and systematic account of the Abhidharma.

According to Traleg Rinpoche, the Abhidharma-samuccaya is one of Asanga's most essential texts and also one of the most psychologically oriented. It provides a framework, as well as a general pattern, as to how a practitioner is to follow the path, develop oneself and finally attain Buddhahood.[1] It presents the path according to the Yogachara school of Mahayana Buddhism.[1]

According to J. W. de Jong it is "one of the most important texts of the Yogācāra school."[2]

This text is counted among the thirteen great texts in the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism.

Mental factors

The second chapter of this text enumerates fifty-one mental factors (Sanskrit: caitasika), divided into the following categories:[3]

  • five ever-functioning factors (kun-’gro lnga, 遍行心所, Korean: 변행심소),
  • five ascertaining (object-determining) ones (yul-nges lnga, 別境心所, Korean: 별경심소),
  • eleven virtuous ( or constructive) emotions (dge-ba bcu-gcig, 善心所, Korean: 선심소),
  • six root disturbing emotions and attitudes (rtsa-nyon drug, 煩惱心所, Korean: 번뇌심소),
  • twenty secondary unwholesome factors (nye-nyon nyi-shu, 隨煩惱心所, Korean: 수번뇌심소),
  • four changeable factors (gzhan-‘gyur bzhi, 不定心所, Korean: 부정심소).


  1. 1.0 1.1 Traleg Rinpoche (1993), p.1.
  2. Review of Rahula, Walpola Abhidharmasamuccaya by J. W. de Jong in Asanga; Boin-Webb, Sara; Rahula, Walpola (2001), pp. 291-299. [Original French published in T'oung Pao, LIX (1973), pp. 339-46. Reprinted in Buddhist Studies byJ.W. dejong, ed. Gregory Schopen, Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press, 1979, pp. 601-8.]
  3. Primary Minds and the 51 Mental Factors by Alexander Berzin (see section "Count of the Mental Factors")


Further reading

  • Asanga, Abhidharmasamuccaya: The Compendium of the Higher Teaching (Philosophy), translated by Walpola Rahula, Sara Boin-Webb, Asian Humanities Press, 2001
  • Dan Martin, 'Gray Traces: Tracing the Tibetan Teaching Transmission of the mNgon pa kun btus (Abhidharmasamuccaya) Through the Early Period of Disunity' in Helmut Eimer and David Germano (ed.), The Many Canons of Tibetan Buddhism, Leiden: Brill, 2002
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