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Sūryagarbhaprajñāpāramitā (T. ཤེར་ཕྱིན་ཉི་མའི་སྙིང་པོ་), or "The Sūryagarbha Perfection of Wisdom," is one of five short prajñāpāramitā sūtras that are each named after a bodhisattva.

The Indo-Tibetan Studies Translation Group states:

The Sūryagarbha Perfection of Wisdom is a condensed prajñāpāramitā sūtra in the form of a dialogue between the Buddha and the bodhisattva Sūryaprabhāsa, who asks the Buddha how bodhisattvas skilled in means should train themselves in the perfection of wisdom. In response, the Buddha explains that a bodhisattva should train in a meditative stability called the sun or the sun skilled in means. When Sūryaprabhāsa asks how this meditative stability should be cultivated, the Buddha elaborates upon the qualities of the meditative stability using the analogy of the sun in terms of seven of its qualities. He then further describes the training of the bodhisattva in the perfection of wisdom as training with respect to the true nature of all phenomena. This is characterized in familiar terms found in the long prajñāpāramitā sūtras, such as the lack of inherent existence, signlessness, the absence of contamination, and emptiness. It is also described in terms of the various designations for ultimate truth, such as reality (dharmatā), the realm of phenomena (dharmadhātu), the real nature (tathatā), the very limit of reality (bhūtakoṭi), and so forth. Finally, the Buddha enumerates the characteristics of the one who trains in the perfection of wisdom, ending with a verse of instruction.[1]



  1. 84000.png Indo-Tibetan Studies Translation Group (2023), The Sūryagarbha Perfection of Wisdom, "Introduction", 84000 Reading Room