śuddhāvāsa (P. suddhāvāsa; T. gnas gtsang གནས་གཙང་; C. wujingtu tian) is translated as "five pure abodes," "five pure heavens," etc. It refers to the five uppermost realms within the form realm (rūpadhātu). These abodes are a result of the fourth dhyana meditation, and are only accessible to noble beings (arya sangha).
The five abodes are:
- Unexcelled (akanishtha)
- Perfect vision (sudarśana)
- Perfect appearance (sudṛśa)
- Untroubled (atapa)
- Free from afflictions (avṛha)
Access to Insight states:
- These are the five Pure Abodes (suddhavasa), which are accessible only to non-returners (anagami) and arahants. Beings who become non-returners in other planes are reborn here, where they attain arahantship. Among its inhabitants is Brahma Sahampati, who begs the Buddha to teach Dhamma to the world (SN 6.1).
- The Thirty-one Planes of Existence, Access to Insight
- five pure abodes
- five pure heavens