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*adhyavasāya-viṣaya (T. zhen yul) is translated as "conceived object," "determined object," "object of attachment," etc.

It is one of the four types of object identified in Buddhist logic.

It is defined as:

that [object] which is cognized upon being conceived by a mind which takes it as its main mode of apprehension.[1]

According to Alexander Berzin, it is:

The object about which a conceptual cognition gives rise to a universal, a category, or a mental label through which to think of it. Literally, the object on which a concept clings. Also called: implied object or conceptually implied object.[2]


  • conceived object (Hopkins, Rangjung Yeshe wiki)
  • referent object (Hopkins, Rangjung Yeshe wiki)
  • determined object (Hopkins, Rangjung Yeshe wiki, Dan Perdue)
  • conceptualized object (Berzin)


  1. Internet-icon.svg zhen yul, Hopkins (2015), Christian-Steinert Dictionary
  2. Internet-icon.svg zhen yul, Berzin, Christian-Steinert Dictionary