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Asaṃkhya (P. asaṅkya; T. grangs med pa; C. asengqi) means "incalculable." It refers to an extremely large number. In Buddhist cosmology, the term is used to refer to a period of time known as an "incalculable kalpa" (asaṃkhyeya-kalpa).[1]

For example, Shakyamuni Buddha is said to have practiced for three incalculable eons (asamkhyeya-kalpa) before becoming a Buddha.[2]


  1. Robert E. Buswell Jr., Donald S. Lopez Jr., The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (Princeton: 2014), s.v. Asaṃkhya
  2. Yong, Bhikshu Jin. "How Large is One Asamkhyeya" (PDF). Vajra Bodhi Sea (November 2008): 42–44. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
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