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asaṃkhyeya-kalpa (P. asaṅkyeyya-kappa; T. bskal pa grangs med pa, བསྐལ་པ་གྲངས་མེད་པ་; C. asengqi jie 阿僧祇劫) is translated as "incalculable eon," "infinite eon," "measureless eon," etc.
The Treasury of Precious Qualities states:
- There is also a so-called measureless kalpa (grangs med bskal pa), which, despite its name, does not refer to an infinite lapse of time but to a specific period defined in the Abhidharma as consisting of ten kalpas.
- An interim aeon (antarakappa) is the period of time required for the life-span of human beings to rise from ten years to the maximum of many thousands of years, and then fall back to ten years. Twenty such interim aeons equal one incalculable aeon (asankheyyakappa), and four incalculable aeons constitute one great aeon (mahākappa).