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buddhakāya (T. sangs rgyas sku; C. foshen 佛身), literally "buddha body."

The Princeton Dictionary states:

Throughout the history of the Buddhist tradition, there has been a great deal of debate, and a good many theories, over the exact nature of a buddha’s body.[1]

In the Mahayana tradition, buddhakāya is another term for the state of buddhahood, which can be subdivided as follows:[2]

The early buddhist texts (the Pali Nikayas and the Sanskrit Agamas) refer to the following types of buddhakāya:[1]

See also
Further reading


  1. 1.0 1.1 Robert E. Buswell Jr., Donald S. Lopez Jr., The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (Princeton: 2014), s.v. Buddhakāya
  2. Internet-icon.svg sangs rgyas sku, Christian-Steinert Dictionary